Three weeks short of the expiration of the term established by the Constitution for the Government to present the draft General State Budgets for next year, the negotiations between PSOE and United We Can have just begun. And, in addition to the purely budgetary, the purple ones plan to put on the table a claim that they already outlined months ago, but whose implementation they want to be committed together with the accounts : an allowance per dependent child for mothers with children under three years without a job.
This was confirmed this Thursday by the Minister of Social Rights and Secretary General of Podemos, Ione Belarra, whose department has been designing the draft of the family diversity law for months in which, in principle, this aid would be included. The proposal, however, is not included in the coalition agreement with the PSOE , and therefore United We can negotiate it with the socialists as a condition to reach a pact for the draft Budgets that, later, must be adjusted with the parliamentary allies of the government.
100 euros per month up to three years
This Thursday, Belarra explained that the proposal of his ministry contemplates a monthly benefit of 100 euros during the first three years of the child’s life, which means that, in total, parents would have the right to receive 3,600 euros in aid. for breeding. Currently, women already have the right to deduct up to 1,200 euros a year from their taxes for each child under three years of age that they have or adopt, but provided that they “carry out an activity on their own account or for which they are registered in the corresponding regime of Social Security or Mutuality “. That is to say: that they have a job.
This is precisely the barrier that Social Rights wants to suppress, which aims for any woman with a dependent minor under three years of age to have the right to these 100 euros per month. “The right of children to live well cannot depend on their mothers having a job,” and establishing the new benefit, Belarra argues, would correct that “anomaly.”
With “universal” character
In this way, the deduction would have a “universal” character, that is, it could be received by all mothers with children under three years of age without further requirements . Sources of Social Rights argue that proposing aid in these terms, instead of taking into account the level of income of the family, helps not to be left out “many families and people in real need who, as a result of certain requirements and a very complex application process, they cannot prove that they are at risk of poverty and social exclusion. ”
In fact, these sources maintain, by universalizing child support, the main beneficiaries are precisely low incomes . Why? Because it is about extending “to all the families in the country” a tax benefit that already exists but from which unemployed mothers cannot benefit, but only falls on working mothers, who normally have “medium and high income” in compared to the unemployed, in a more precarious situation.
An annual deduction or monthly income
What would not change would be the design of the aid collection. Currently, mothers who are entitled to deduct from their taxes up to 1,200 euros a year for their children under three years of age have two ways to benefit from the exemption. One of them is the classic one: applying it to your annual income tax return. But the Treasury also allows those who request it to charge 100 euros in advance each month through bank transfers, provided they prove that they have a job.
With the elimination of this last requirement, “this payment in advance could also be requested by parents who, because they have low income, do not have to file an income statement,” explain sources from Social Rights. And that would allow including within the scope of coverage of the aid those parents who work in a situation of underemployment or are excluded from the labor market.
650 million euros the first year
The ministry led by Ione Belarra estimates the cost, by 2022, of implementing this expansion of aid per dependent child at around 650 million euros and making it universal. That amount would be added to the 766 million euros that the State already pays – or stops entering – for the deduction in its current terms.
Progressive enlargement until age 18
Social Rights is designing the expansion of this aid with the ultimate goal of benefiting, in the very long term, families with dependent minors regardless of their age. As confirmed by sources from the ministry, the plan would go on to expand the benefit annually so that it benefits children one year older: if in 2022 mothers of minors between 0 and 3 years old would be entitled to it, in 2023 it would be added to those under up to 4 years, in 2024 to 5 years, and so on until 2037, when the right would be extended to all families with dependent minors up to 18 years of age.